Niccolò Machiavelli (1469 – 1527) wrote essays on politics and war and plays and poetry. He was a Florentine man, but wasn’t on good terms with the important de’Medici family. He wrote ‘the prince’ for power and leadership for Lorenzo de’Medici. After the expulsion of the de’Medici’s from Florentine, Machiavelli entered the government. However, after the family recaptured their position in the city, Machiavelli was banished. He died the year that the de’Medici’s were driven out of the city once more.